Number and Potential of Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Controlled Group of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients are Higher than the Poorly Controlled Group

Siska Darmayanti, Rini Hendriani, Cynthia Retna Sartika

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disease caused by the disorder of insulin function, insulin secretion or both. Long-term hyperglycemia conditions can lead to multiple organ dysfunctions with endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial dysfunction is a cardiovascular-associated risk with the changes in Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPC). This condition causes an increase in Hematopoietic Stem Cell (HSC) apoptosis, so that the numbers of circulating HSC and EPC decrease. The purpose of this study was to determine the number and potential of EPC cells in T2DM patients as one of the risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

METHODS: Thirty-eight T2DM male patients were classified into two group based on Indonesian Society of Endocrinology/Perkumpulan Endokrinologi Indonesia (PERKENI) criteria on T2DM. The first group was a controlled glycemic condition (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1C) <7.0%) and the second group was a poorly controlled glycemic condition (HbA1C >7.0%). Cluster of differentiation (CD)34+ and CD133+ expressions showed the number of EPC, whereas quantified bright aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDHbr) showed the cell potential.

RESULTS: This study showed that in the poorly controlled group of T2DM, there was a decrease of EPC number to 24.80% (p<0.05), compared to the controlled group. Similarly, the expression of ALDHbr representing the potential of EPC cells was found to be lower by 43.07% (p<0.05) in the poorly controlled group.

CONCLUSION: This study showed that the number and potential of EPC were decreasing in the poorly controlled T2DM group.

KEYWORDS: ALDHbr, endothelial progenitor cells, type 2 diabetes mellitus


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18585/inabj.v11i2.576

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